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The Career Development Continuum

New York City’s Department of Youth and Community Development (DYCD) has refined and adopted a sequenced continuum of career development activities and experiences to be provided to youth and young adults that address Career Awareness, Career Exploration and Career Preparation. This is accomplished through the provision of a series of classroom training or workshop activities, workplace exposures and community experiences over time. Classroom and workshop activities support and provide opportunities to reflect upon what’s learned in the workplace and community, and Work-Based Learning experiences support what’s learned through classroom training or workshop activities. In addition, youth and young adults are supported by role models in the workplace. They’re provided experiences that are commensurate with their abilities and designed to support the acquisition of knowledge and skills.

Work-Based Learning is viewed as a developmental experience for youth and young adults who are provided with a full range of opportunities throughout their Career Pathway experience, with the expectation that they participate in authentic Work-Based Learning at each level of the Career Development Continuum. Employers and community partners provide opportunities that make sense for their organization, work for the business, and provide direct benefits to the young person, the employer/organization and the workforce program. While no single employer or partner organization is expected to participate in or provide all experiences, the Intern & Earn Program seeks to engage employer and community partners to collectively provide access to the full continuum of opportunities described below.

The following section describes the three levels of the Career Development Continuum, as well as all of the activities across the continuum, whether they happen through structured learning in the classroom or workshops, activities in the community or through work-based learning in partnership with employers.

Career Awareness

Activities are designed to promote awareness of careers, workplace norms and employer or organization expectations, as well as personal interests and aptitudes. In the workplace, Career Awareness activities include Guest Speakers, Career Mentoring and Workplace Tours.

“I understand what’s out there and am discovering the kinds of things I might want to do.”

ACTIVITIES

Structured Learning

  • Career Awareness Lessons
  • Career Research
  • Guest Speakers
  • Professional Skills Development

Community Activities

  • Career Fairs
  • College Visits
  • Networking Events

Work-Based Learning

  • Career Mentor
  • Workplace Tour

Career Exploration

Activities are designed to promote a deeper understanding of potential careers, and to provide opportunities for an investigation of a particular industry, career or occupation of interest. In the workplace, Career Exploration activities include Informational Interviews and Job Shadowing.

“I’m interested in this field and am beginning to understand what it’s all about and what I need to do to pursue a career in the industry.”

ACTIVITIES

Structured Learning

  • Career Exploration Lessons
  • Career Guidance
  • Career-Related Projects
  • Industry Research

Community Activities

  • Community Service Projects
  • Mock Interview
  • Out-of-School-Time Activities

Work-Based Learning

  • Informational Interview
  • Job Shadowing*

Career Preparation

Activities are designed to provide an in-depth discovery of a particular career and the development of the skills and understanding of the education or training needed in a particular industry or occupation. In the workplace, Career Preparation activities include Workplace Challenges, Internships, Work Experience (including Cooperative Work Experience) and Apprenticeships.

“I know the kinds of things I want to do and am getting the chance to learn new skills and practice applying those skills.”

ACTIVITIES

Structured Learning

  • Pre-Apprenticeship*
  • Career Coaching
  • Technical/Occupational Skills Training
  • Work-Readiness Activities

Community Activities

  • Volunteering
  • Competitions
  • Industry Certification

Work-Based Learning

  • Workplace Challenge
  • Internship*
  • Work Experience*/Co-Op
  • Transitional Jobs
  • On-the-Job Training*
  • Apprenticeship*

* Work-Based Learning activities identified as work experience through the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act.

New York City Youth and Young Adult Career Pathways

 

WORK-BASED LEARNING TOOLKITS